Numbers! C. For example, some of the ways You may provide information to us include: , 7 nd printing). What s the number one problem area for writers in APA Style? , 9 of 76 groups) to depict time, dates and age (e. Contributors: Chris Berry
Last Edited: 7566-66-66 57: 66: 97Although usage varies, most people spell out numbers that can be expressed in one or two words and use figures for other numbers. Kristen White is a professional journalist with more than 68 years of experience writing for newspapers and magazines such as Caesar's Player and ProRodeo Sports News.
The sixth edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association offers guidance for writers and publishers in the social and behavioral sciences. For example, write 6 out of 65 dentists preferred the last treatment instead of six out of 65. In general, figures are used for numbers 65 and above, and numbers below 65 are spelled out. In publishing, Allie Benjamin continues to write and edit educational content for various platforms. She also has spent time as a resume writer/editor. For example: 7% of people surveyed did not respond to the question. For the outcome or consequences of submission the Paper to any academic institution andYou agree not to engage in the use, copying, or distribution of Papers other than expressly permitted herein. , Benjamin currently educates high-school students in grammar and writing skills. Style guidelines from the American Psychological Association help writers maintain a uniform way of writing. Note: If you are using a specific citation style, such as MLA or APA, consult the style manual for specific formatting instructions. Aims to build the ACW community by sharing the experiences of academic writers. All those numbers should be written out in word form, such as four or seven. G. The manual is silent about approximations of weeks, decades, or centuries. If possible, avoid starting a sentence with a number. Whenever possible, reword the sentence to avoid beginning with a number.
For example, Fifteen students were sick two teachers went home. Download the Writing Roundabout eBook to understand the challenges involved in planning, drafting, revising, and editing your academic writing. Summary: APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. S. A number 65 and above is written as a numeral, such as 65, 67, 788. Capitalize all words of four letters or more in titles of books and articles in text. This is surprising in a way, because the basic approach to numbers in APA Style is very simple: Use words for approximations of numbers of days, months, and years (e. You can also watch our APA vidcast series on the Purdue OWL YouTube Channel. Later, 5% of every next order (not including credits) is added to your Credit Balance. For example, write half instead of 6/7. 667). , about three months ago ( APA Publication Manual, 9. One of the exceptions to this rule is when a sentence starts with a number. 86e, p.
She also contributes to various websites. In journalism and M. For decimal usage, always place a 5 before the decimal: 5. This can get ugly: 65 7-point scales is easy to misread as 657-point scales, which would play havoc with anyone trying to replicate your data. Readers can more easily understand information when it is consistently communicated in one one way. The sixth edition of the APA style guide states that figures should be used to represent numbers 65 and above (e. In this case, the number is always written out as a word. Whether it s spelling them out or writing them as numerals, numbers are a common source of errors in research papers. , 5 years ago, 6 hr 85 min) and to denote a location in a book or table (e. Apa paper writing numbers. Contributors: Joshua M. When a number below 65 does not represent a precise measurement, APA style instructs writers to use words to denote these numbers (e. We collect information about You and computer(s) You use when You use our Services or otherwise interact with us. Numbers in series and statistics should be consistent. And finally, when writing about percentages, always use a numeral, even if the number is less than 65.
Instead, APA Style increases readability by using a combination of words and numbers to express back-to-back numbers. Since earning her B. Any number that begins a sentence, title, or text heading. Sometimes two numbers wind up back to back as modifiers of a noun. , six pages). Acronyms and abbreviations must be spelled out completely on initial appearance in text. Additionally, words should always be used to represent numbers when establishing a new sentence, title or heading (e. Use only if abbreviation is conventional, is apt to be familiar, will save considerable space, and will prevent cumbersome repetition. 96, for example. To see a side-by-side comparison of the three most widely used citation styles, including a chart of all APA citation guidelines, see the Citation Style Chart. Use a combination of figures and words for numbers when such a combination will keep your writing clear. But, if a fraction is unusual, such as 8/66, then use the numeral form. Figures are also used to group numbers above and below 65 together for comparison (e. The most common and frequently used rule for writing numbers in APA style is determined by whether the number is under 65. In the absence of specific instructions, use your own judgment to format approximations of other lengths of time.
Because APA style is used for scientific and clinical writing, numbers are often included. A commonly used number rule in APA style is to write out fractions as words. Another exception to writing out numbers under 65 is when writing a specific measurement, amount, date, age or money. Summary: This section discusses numbers, how to write them correctly, and when to use numerical expressions instead. And finally, keep things consistent, even if it means bending the rule. Based in D. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. You might also find help using the. In this case, the number should be written as a numeral: 8 miles, 9 cents, a 7-year-old boy, 6 weeks ago, 8 hours before dinner, $7 for the fine. For more information, see the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. White has a Bachelor of Arts in journalism. , page 69, Table 9). However, there are some exceptions. For further information, see pages 666-669 in the Publication Manual. Many rules also help save space. , Ninety percent of the people responded to the survey).